Golan, Shmuel


Golan, Shmuel

Born Poland 1901
Immigrated to Palestine 1920
Died In Mishear Haemek 1960

Shmuel (Milek) Golan (Goldshein)

Was an educator, translator and psychoanalyst. One of the leaders of “Hashomer Hatzair”, one of the founders of Kibbutz Beit Alpha, theoretician of the “Collective Education” and a founding father of the education system of the Shomer Hatzair.
Golan was born in the township Podwołoczyska near Tarnopol in Eastern Galicia, Austrian (now Ukraine).
He received  a traditional and general education. Became one of the leaders of Hashomer Hatsair in Galicia,
In June 1920 he immigrated to Palestine and was a member of a group of pioneers that worked in Bitunia, with his pioneer friends he established Kibbutz Beit Alfa in 1923.
Golan worked as an educator and teacher in the first “Children Society” during 1924-1928, he was active in the Kibbutz pedagogic organization and established the early age   “Collective Education” .
In 1929 he was sent to Berlin to study psychoanalysis in the Berlin Institute, he studied under the supervision of M. Wulff and became his analysand. With Wulff he established a training program in psychoanalysis for educators of the Hashomer Hatzair youth movement. He was in the close circle of Otto Feinechel and was among the recipients of the famous round letters.
In his work he stressed the importance of personality formation, the relationship between the students and the support they should get. He taught according to issues in context of the reality of the Kibbutz, of Israel, of the youth movement in the diaspora and made use of past experiences of great educators and of psychoanalytic understanding.
Golan integrated various ideas, some seemingly contradictory, like the task oriented stance of the Shomer Hatsair and priority of work, zionism and marxism with psychoanalytic notions.
He advocated the “Communal sleep” (children sleeping together according to age in “children’s homes) and not with their parents) and “shared showers “ these were, in his mind, part of habits of sharing and living together that are important for adolescents who will become Kibblutz members when adult.
Golan worked as an educator and psychologist, was a member of the board of the Kibbutz Artzi and later was among the initiators of the “Kibbutzim college”, taught there and was member of the Board. Was an active member of all organizations having to do with education in the socialist party. Was a member of the Hagana.
Golan published many papers on topics related to the Kibbutz education system.
Two collections of his articles were published posthumously. 
Golan died in 1960 at age 59. A library in the Kibbutzim college caries his name.

·   Temas del kibutz; [Tradujo: Mordejai Cohen], Jerusalén: Departamento Latino-Americano de la Organización Juvenil Sionista, Hashomer Hatzair, 1964. (ספרדית: סוגיות הקיבוץ)

·   Collective Education in the Kibbutz, Merchavia, Israel: Education Dept. of the Kibbutz-Artzi, Hashomer Hatzair, 1961. 1957–1959

Golan, S. (1952). The Theory of Collective Education. Johannesburg: ha-Shomer ha-Tza’ir.
Golan, S. (1958). Behavior research in collective settlements in Israel: Collective education in the kibbutz, Am. J. Orthopsychiat., 28:549-556.

Golan, S. (1959). Collective Education in the Kibbutz. Psychiatry, 22:167-177.

Golan, S., & Lavi, Z. (1961). Communal education. In S. Golan (Ed.) Education in the Kibbutz (pp. 23-45), Merchavia, Education Dept of the Kibbutz Artzi Hashomer Hatzair.